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APO C-III ABSTRACTS: Polymorphic markers in apolipoprotein C-III gene flanking regions and hypertriglyceridemia.

Surguchov AP, Page GP, Smith L, Patsch W, Boerwinkle E Department of Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex, USA. [Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 1996 Aug;16(8):941-7]

Hypertriglyceridemia and hyperlipidemia are common disorders associated with coronary artery disease and premature death. The proteins encoded by the apolipoprotein (apo) A-I/C-III/A-IV gene cluster are involved in the metabolism of both triglycerides and cholesterol. In a large sample of individuals from the ARIC study, six polymorphic markers were typed and plasma lipid values were measured to determine whether the well-established association between the Sst I S2 allele in the 3'-untranslated region of the apo C-III gene and hypertriglyceridemia was due to disequilibrium with variation in the 5' regulatory region of the apo C-III gene. The Sst I polymorphism was significantly associated with hypertriglyceridemia (P = .006) but not with carotid artery wall thickness, plasma apo C-III levels, or elevated cholesterol. The frequency of the S2 allele was 0.14 in those with high triglyceride levels and 0.05 in those with low triglyceride levels. None of the 5' flanking polymorphisms were significantly associated with any of the plasma lipids studied. There was substantial linkage disequilibrium between the Sst I polymorphism and each of the 5' apo C-III polymorphisms; however, the significant association between the apo C-III haplotypes and hypertriglyceridemia (odds ratio, 4.0; P < .0001) was solely attributable to the effects of the Sst I polymorphism (odds ratio, 3.96). As a part of these analyses, we also defined a unique haplotype that is inversely associated with the occurrence of hypertriglyceridemia, suggesting further molecular analyses of this important gene region.

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